Skill Mismatch and Migration in Egypt and Tunisia
Anda Mariana David and
Christophe Nordman ()
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Anda Mariana David: LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
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The objective of this paper is to shed light on the issue of skill mismatch in the context of return migration in Egypt and Tunisia. Using data on both return and potential migrants in Egypt and Tunisia, we analyze the skills that migrants acquire before and during migration and the way these skills are used upon return. We find evidence of skill mismatch, especially in Tunisia. The undereducation phenomenon is more prevalent among return migrants, indicating that they make up for their lower education using their migration experience. Finally, we estimate the determinants of skill mismatch on the Egyptian and Tunisian labour markets and find a significant negative effect of return migration on the probability of being undereducated.
Keywords: Tunisia; Egypt; labor market; skill mismatch; Return migration; Migration de retour; inadéquation des qualifications; marché du travail; éducation; Tunisie; Egypte (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Skill Mismatch and Migration in Egypt and Tunisia (2014)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01619817
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