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Effects of a Red Card on Goal-Scoring in World Cup Football Matches

Jakub Cerveny, Jan van Ours () and Martin A. van Tuijl ()
Additional contact information
Martin A. van Tuijl: Tilburg University

No 10174, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We examine the effect of the sending-off of a player on the goal-scoring rates in FIFA World Cup matches in tournaments from 1998 to 2014. We use a hazard rate framework in which the effect of a red card is modeled as a shift in the goal-scoring rate. A red card may harm the team that receives a red card and may be beneficial for their opponent. Indeed, we find that the goal-scoring rate of the sanctioned team goes down, while the goal-scoring rate of the non-sanctioned team goes up.

Keywords: association football; goal-scoring; red card; World Cup football matches (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Z29 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 28 pages
Date: 2016-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-spo
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Published in: Empirical Economics, 2018, 55 (2), 883-903.

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Related works:
Working Paper: Effects of a Red Card on Goal-Scoring in World Cup Football Matches (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Effects of a Red Card on Goal-Scoring in World Cup Football Matches (2016) Downloads
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