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Anger Management: Aggression and Punishment in the Provision of Public Goods

Laura Gee (), Xinxin Lyu () and Heather Urry ()
Additional contact information
Xinxin Lyu: Tufts University
Heather Urry: Tufts University

No 10499, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The ability to punish free-riders can increase the provision of public goods. However, sometimes the benefit of increased public good provision is outweighed by the costs of punishments. One reason a group may punish to the point that net welfare is reduced is that punishment can express anger about free-riding. If this is the case, then tools that regulate emotions could decrease the use of punishments while keeping welfare high, possibly depending on pre-existing levels of aggression. In this lab experiment, we find that adopting an objective attitude (Objective), through a form of emotion regulation called cognitive reappraisal, decreases the use of punishments and makes a statistically insignificant improvement to both net earnings and self-reported emotions compared to a control condition (Natural). Although the interaction between the emotion regulation treatment and level of aggression is not significant, only low aggression types reduce their punishments; the results are of the same direction but statistically insignificant for high aggression types. Overall, our findings suggest that pairing emotion regulation with punishments can decrease the use of punishments without harming monetary and mental welfare.

Keywords: public goods; punishment; emotions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C72 C91 C92 D7 H41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-exp, nep-gth, nep-pbe and nep-pub
Date: 2017-01
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