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Migration and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Effect of Returning Refugees on Export Performance in the Former Yugoslavia

Dany Bahar (), Cem Özgüzel (), Andreas Hauptmann () and Hillel Rapoport
Additional contact information
Dany Bahar: Brookings Institution
Cem Özgüzel: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

No 12412, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: During the early 1990s Germany offered temporary protection to over 600,000 Yugoslavian refugees fleeing war. By 2000, many had been repatriated. We exploit this natural experiment to investigate the role of migrants in post-conflict reconstruction in the former Yugoslavia, using exports as outcome. Using confidential social security data to capture intensity of refugee workers to German industries–and exogenous allocation rules for asylum seekers within Germany as instrument—we find an elasticity of exports to return migration between 0.08 to 0.24. Our results are stronger in knowledge-intensive industries and for workers in occupations intensive in analytical and managerial skills.

Keywords: migration; refugees; knowledge diffusion; management; exports; productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O33 F14 F22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-int and nep-mig
Date: 2019-06
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