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Is Immigration Enforcement Shaping Immigrant Marriage Patterns?

Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes (), Esther Arenas-Arroyo () and Chunbei Wang ()
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Chunbei Wang: University of Oklahoma

No 12876, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: This paper identifies intermarriage (between non-citizens and citizens) as an important response mechanism to intensified immigration enforcement, particularly among Mexican non-citizens. Exploiting the temporal and geographic variation in the implementation of interior immigration enforcement from 2005 to 2017, we find that a one standard deviation increase in enforcement raises Mexican non-citizens' likelihood of marrying a U.S. citizen by 3 to 6 percent. Our results show that this effect is driven by a change in spousal preference. Both police-based and employment-based enforcement contribute to this impact. The analysis adds to a growing literature examining how immigrants respond to tightened enforcement and, importantly, sheds light on the recent growth of intermarriage among Mexican immigrants.

Keywords: immigration enforcement; undocumented immigrants; family structure; intermarriage; United States (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J15 K37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 63 pages
Date: 2019-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-mig and nep-ure
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Forthcoming in: Journal of Public Economics

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Journal Article: Is immigration enforcement shaping immigrant marriage patterns? (2020) Downloads
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