Was Falling Inequality in All Latin American Countries a Data-Driven Illusion? Income Distribution and Mobility Patterns in Uruguay 2009-2016
Gabriel Burdín (),
Mauricio De Rosa (),
Andrea Vigorito and
Joan Vilá ()
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Mauricio De Rosa: Universidad de la República, Uruguay
Joan Vilá: Universidad de la República, Uruguay
No 13070, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
To contribute to the debate on the recent inequality fall in Latin America, we provide evidence on the primary income distribution in Uruguay for 2009-2016 and assess mobility patterns. Comparing household surveys micro-data and a unique array of matched personal-firm income tax records, we find that trends are sensitive to the data source and inequality measure. Gini and Theil indices decreased, with a milder fall in tax records than in household surveys. Whereas in tax records synthetic indices fell within the bottom 99% offsetting increased concentration at the top, in household surveys the largest reduction occurred at the top. In turn, tax records estimates of top 1% income shares remained steady at around 15%, but decreased in household surveys throughout the whole period. Moreover, top income positions were stable, with average persistence rates at the top 1% close to 80%. Meanwhile, the equalizing effect of income mobility was very modest.
Keywords: top incomes; income inequality; mobility; personal income taxation; tax records; Uruguay (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 H24 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 56 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam, nep-ltv and nep-pbe
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Working Paper: Was falling inequality in all Latin American countries a data-driven illusion? Income distribution and mobility patterns in Uruguay 2009-2016 (2019)
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