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Employment Reallocation over the Business Cycle: Evidence from Danish Data

Antoine Bertheau, Henning Bunzel () and Rune Vejlin
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Henning Bunzel: Aarhus University

No 13681, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We present new evidence on how employment growth varies across firm types (size, productivity, and wage) and over the business cycle using Danish data covering almost 30 years. We decompose net employment growth into two recruitment margins: net hirings from/to employment (poaching) and net hirings from nonemployment. High-productivity firms are the most growing firms due to poaching. High wage firms poach almost as many workers, but shed an almost equal amount to non-employment. Large firms do not poach workers from smaller firms. In terms of employment cyclicality, we find that low-productive and low-wage firms shed proportionally more jobs in recessions. We relate our findings to recent models of employment fluctuations that jointly analyze worker and firm dynamics.

Keywords: worker flows; firm heterogeneity; matched employer-employee data; business cycle; equilibrium search models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E32 J63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2020-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-eur, nep-lab, nep-mac, nep-sbm and nep-tid
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6)

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