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Long-Lasting Effects of Communist Indoctrination in School: Evidence from Poland

Joan Costa-Font (), Jorge Garcia-Hombrados () and Anna Nicinska ()
Additional contact information
Jorge Garcia-Hombrados: affiliation not available
Anna Nicinska: Warsaw University

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jorge Garcia Hombrados ()

No 13944, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Education can serve skill formation and socialisation goals both of which are conducive to desirable economic outcomes. However, the political manipulation of the school curricula can give rise to indoctrination effects with counterproductive welfare consequences on its pupils. This paper studies the effects of communist indoctrination on human capital accumulation and labour market outcomes in Poland. We document that the reduction of Marxist-Leninist indoctrination in school curriculum after 1954 exerted long-lasting beneficial effects. Unlike in East Germany, the school reform after the fall of communism in Poland had negligible effects on human capital and labour market outcomes. Our results are in contrast, explained by the ideological content of the school curriculum in the Polish education system.

Keywords: human capital attainment; later life outcomes; school curriculum; education reforms; communist education; education systems; labour market participation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 50 pages
Date: 2020-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-tra
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