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The Neuroeconomics of Mind Reading and Empathy

Tania Singer () and Ernst Fehr
Additional contact information
Tania Singer: Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences

No 1647, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: The most fundamental solution concepts in Game Theory – Nash equilibrium, backward induction, and iterated elimination of dominated strategies – are based on the assumption that people are capable of predicting others' actions. These concepts require people to be able to view the game from the other players' perspectives, i.e. to understand others' motives and beliefs. Economists still know little about what enables people to put themselves into others' shoes and how this ability interacts with their own preferences and beliefs. Social neuroscience provides insights into the neural mechanism underlying our capacity to represent others' intentions, beliefs, and desires, referred to as "Theory of Mind" or "mentalizing", and the capacity to share the feelings of others, referred to as "empathy". We summarize the major findings about the neural basis of mentalizing and empathizing and discuss some implications for economics.

Keywords: mind reading; neuroeconomics; empathy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A10 C90 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 16 pages
Date: 2005-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-evo, nep-hpe and nep-soc
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (62)

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Journal Article: The Neuroeconomics of Mind Reading and Empathy (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: The Neuroconomics of Mind Reading and Empathy (2005) Downloads
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