The International Migration of Knowledge Workers: When Is Brain Drain Beneficial?
Peter Kuhn () and
Carol McAusland ()
No 2493, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We consider the welfare effects of the emigration of workers who produce a public good (knowledge). We distinguish between the knowledge diversion and knowledge creation effects of such emigration, and show that the remaining residents of a country can gain from emigration, even when tastes for knowledge goods exhibit a kind of ‘home bias’. In contrast to existing models of beneficial brain drain (BBD), our results do not require agglomeration economies, education-related externalities, remittances, return migration, or an emigration “lottery”. Instead, they are driven purely by the public nature of knowledge goods, combined with differences in market size that induce greater knowledge creation by emigrants abroad than at home. BBD is even more likely in the presence of weak sending-country intellectual property rights (IPRs), or when source country IPR policy is endogenized.
Keywords: intellectual property rights; brain drain; knowledge workers; international migration; international factor mobility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hrm, nep-ipr, nep-pr~ and nep-knm
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Working Paper: The International Migration of Knowledge Workers: When is Brain Drain Beneficial? (2006)
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