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Intrahousehold Specialization in Housework in the United States and Denmark

Jens Bonke (), Mette Deding (), Mette Lausten () and Leslie Stratton
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Mette Deding: Danish National Centre for Social Research (SFI)

No 2777, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Objective: Focusing on housework activities, we construct a gender neutral composite index measure of intrahousehold specialization. We hypothesize that the degree of specialization is influenced by economic notions of efficiency, as well as by time constraints and egalitarian values. Methods: Employing time use data on US and Danish couples, we model specialization using a multivariate two-limit Tobit. Results: We analyze the comparability of reported time use and our specialization index using different types of data. We find evidence that Danish households specialize less than American households and postulate that this cross-national difference is a result of the more egalitarian family culture within Scandinavia. A finding that children are associated with significantly increased specialization in the US but not in Denmark is attributed to the subsidized childcare services provided by the Danish welfare system. Conclusion: Intrahousehold specialization in housework varies with economic circumstances, time constraints, and social values.

Keywords: housework; specialization; time use (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
Date: 2007-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eec
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Published in: Social Science Quarterly, 2008, 89 (4), 1023-1043

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