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Where the Girls Are: Trade and Labor Market Segregation in Colombia

Josh Ederington (), Jenny Minier and Kenneth Troske ()

No 4131, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Gary Becker's theory of discrimination argues that increasing competition will reduce discrimination in the labor market. We use the Colombian trade liberalization episode over the period 1984–91 to investigate this claim on plant-level data in three ways. First, we examine whether women are concentrated in exporting plants. Second, we examine whether the increase in foreign competition due to unilateral trade liberalization disproportionately drove discriminating plants out of the market. Finally, we investigate whether trade liberalization affected hiring decisions (and thus gender segregation) by Colombian firms.

Keywords: discrimination; trade; competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J7 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2009-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-int, nep-lab and nep-lam
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