Maintaining (Locus of) Control? Assessing the Impact of Locus of Control on Education Decisions and Wages
Rémi Piatek and
No 5289, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
This paper demonstrates that locus of control, i.e. whether individuals believe that reinforcement in life comes from their own actions instead of being determined by luck or destiny, is an important predictor of the decision to obtain higher education. Furthermore, the authors find that premarket locus of control, defined as locus of control measured at the time of schooling â€“ before the individual enters the labor market â€“ does not significantly affect later wages after controlling for education decisions. In light of the existing literature, which finds mostly positive effects of contemporaneous locus of control measures on wages, this indicates that it is important to distinguish between premarket skills and those that are already influenced by labor market experience and age. Last, simulation of the model shows that moving individuals from the first to the last decile of the locus of control distribution significantly shifts the distribution of schooling choices, thus indirectly affecting later wages. The paper conveys important policy implications. If some personality traits, such as locus of control, influence the cost of education but not outcomes directly, these individual characteristics may keep individuals from studying who, once they reach the labor market, are no less successful than other individuals. If these individuals are at high risk of dropping out of school, early personality tests and targeted mentoring of students with an external locus of control are a means to countervail skill shortages in society.
Keywords: data set combination; locus of control; wages; latent factor model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 52 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-edu and nep-lab
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Working Paper: Maintaining (Locus of) Control?: Assessing the Impact of Locus of Control on Education Decisions and Wages (2010)
Working Paper: Maintaining (locus of) control? Assessing the impact of locus of control on education decisions and wages (2010)
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