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Labor Disputes and Labor Flows

Henri Fraisse, Francis Kramarz () and Corinne Prost ()
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Corinne Prost: CREST-INSEE

No 5677, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: About one in four workers challenges her dismissal in front of a labor court in France. Using a data set of individual labor disputes brought to French courts over the years 1996 to 2003, we examine the impact of labor court activity on labor market flows. First, we present a simple theoretical model showing the links between judicial costs and judicial case outcomes. Second, we exploit our model as well as the French institutional setting to generate instruments for these endogenous outcomes. In particular, we use shocks in the supply of lawyers who resettle close to their university of origin. Using these instruments, we show that labor court decisions have a causal effect on labor flows. More trials and more cases won by the workers cause more job destructions. More settlements, higher filing rates, and a larger fraction of workers represented by a lawyer dampen job destructions. Various robustness checks confirm these findings.

Keywords: employment protection legislation; labor flows; labor judges; unfair dismissal; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J32 J53 J63 K31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2011-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-lab
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in: the Industrial Labor Relations Review (ILRReview), October 2015; vol. 68, 5: pp. 1043-1077

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