EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Economic Status, Air Quality, and Child Health: Evidence from Inversion Episodes

Jenny Jans (), Per Johansson () and Peter Nilsson ()
Additional contact information
Peter Nilsson: IIES, Stockholm University

No 7929, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: On normal days, the temperature decreases with altitude, allowing air pollutants to rise and disperse. During inversion episodes, a warmer air layer at higher altitude traps pollutants close to the ground. We show how readily available NASA satellite data on vertical temperature profiles can be used to measure inversion episodes on a global scale with high spatial and temporal resolution. Then, we link inversion episode data to ground level pollution monitors and to daily in- and outpatient records for the universe of children in Sweden during a six-year period to provide instrumental variable estimates of the effects of air quality on children's health. The IV estimates show that the respiratory illness health care visit rate increases by 8 percent for each 10 ?m/m³ increase in PM10; an estimate four times higher than conventional estimates. Importantly, by linking the health care data to detailed records of parental background characteristics, we show that children from low-income households suffer significantly more from air pollution than children from high income households. Finally, we provide evidence on the importance of several mechanisms that could contribute to the difference in the impact of air pollution across children in rich and poor households.

Keywords: instrumental variable; environmental policy; inversions; health; air pollution; nonparametric regression; socio-economic gradient in health (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I1 I3 J24 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 52 pages
Date: 2014-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-env, nep-hea and nep-res
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (11)

Downloads: (external link)
https://docs.iza.org/dp7929.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Economic status, air quality, and child health: Evidence from inversion episodes (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic Status, Air Quality, and Child Health: Evidence from Inversion Episodes (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7929

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA) IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Holger Hinte ().

 
Page updated 2024-04-07
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7929