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Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies

Gabriel Felbermayr (), Giammario Impullitti and Julien Prat ()

No 7960, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Increasing wage inequality between similar workers plays an important role for overall inequality trends in industrialized societies. To analyze this pattern, we incorporate directed labor market search into a dynamic model of international trade with heterogeneous firms and homogeneous workers. Wage inequality across and within firms results from their different hiring needs along their life cycles and the convexity of their adjustment costs. The interaction between wage posting and firm growth explains some recent empirical regularities on firm and labor market dynamics. Fitting the model to capture key features obtained from German linked employer-employee data, we investigate how falling trade costs and institutional reforms interact in shaping labor market outcomes. Focusing on the period 1996-2007, we find that neither trade nor key features of the Hartz labor market reforms account for the sharp increase in residual inequality observed in the data. By contrast, inequality is highly responsive to the increase in product market competition triggered by domestic regulatory reform.

Keywords: wage inequality; international trade; directed search; firm dynamics; product and labor market regulation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 F12 F16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 66 pages
Date: 2014-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-dge, nep-int, nep-lab, nep-ltv and nep-mac
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Related works:
Journal Article: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2018)
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Firm Dynamics and Residual Inequality in Open Economies (2014) Downloads
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