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Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women

Rachel Heath () and Ahmed Mobarak ()
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Rachel Heath: University of Washington

No 8483, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: We study the effects of explosive growth in the Bangladeshi ready-made garments industry on the lives on Bangladeshi women. We compare the marriage, childbearing, school enrollment and employment decisions of women who gain greater access to garment sector jobs to women living further away from factories, to years before the factories arrive close to some villages, and to the marriage and enrollment decisions of their male siblings. Girls exposed to the garment sector delay marriage and childbirth. This stems from (a) young girls becoming more likely to be enrolled in school after garment jobs (which reward literacy and numeracy) arrive, and (b) older girls becoming more likely to be employed outside the home in garment-proximate villages. The demand for education generated through manufacturing growth appears to have a much larger effect on female educational attainment compared to a large-scale government conditional cash transfer program to encourage female schooling.

Keywords: ready-made garment exports; Bangladesh; marriage; fertility; schooling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O12 F16 I25 J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
Date: 2014-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-dev
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Related works:
Journal Article: Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women (2014) Downloads
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