Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women
Rachel Heath and
Ahmed Mobarak ()
No 20383, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We study the effects of explosive growth in the Bangladeshi ready-made garments industry on the lives on Bangladeshi women. We compare the marriage, childbearing, school enrollment and employment decisions of women who gain greater access to garment sector jobs to women living further away from factories, to years before the factories arrive close to some villages, and to the marriage and enrollment decisions of their male siblings. Girls exposed to the garment sector delay marriage and childbirth. This stems from (a) young girls becoming more likely to be enrolled in school after garment jobs (which reward literacy and numeracy) arrive, and (b) older girls becoming more likely to be employed outside the home in garment-proximate villages. The demand for education generated through manufacturing growth appears to have a much larger effect on female educational attainment compared to a large-scale government conditional cash transfer program to encourage female schooling.
JEL-codes: F16 I25 J12 J23 O12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published as Heath, Rachel & Mushfiq Mobarak, A., 2015. "Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 1-15.
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Journal Article: Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women (2015)
Working Paper: Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women (2014)
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