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Can Parental Migration Reduce Petty Corruption in Education?

Lisa Sofie Höckel (), Manuel Santos Silva () and Tobias Stöhr
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Lisa Sofie Höckel: RWI

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Lisa Sofie Hoeckel

No 9687, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Abstract: Educational outcomes of children are highly dependent on household and school-level inputs. In poor countries remittances from migrants can provide additional funds for the education of the left behind. At the same time the absence of migrant parents can affect families' time allocation towards education. Previous work on education inputs often implicitly assumed that preferences for different kinds of education inputs remain unchanged when household members migrate. Using survey data and matched administrative school-level public expenditures from the World Bank's Open Budget Initiative (BOOST) from Moldova, one of the countries with the highest emigration rates in the world, and an instrumental variable approach we find that the strongest migration-related response in private education expenditure are substantially lower informal payments to public school teachers. This fact is at odds with a positive income effect due to migration. In addition we find that migration slightly increases caregivers' time spent on their children's education. We argue that our results are likely to be driven by changing preferences towards educational inputs induced by migration.

Keywords: migration; emigration; corruption; education spending; social remittances; children left behind (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 I22 H52 D13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
Date: 2016-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-edu, nep-mig and nep-ure
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Related works:
Journal Article: Can Parental Migration Reduce Petty Corruption in Education? (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Can parental migration reduce petty corruption in education ? (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Can parental migration reduce petty corruption in education? (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Can parental migration reduce petty corruption in education? (2015) Downloads
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