Public & Private Spillovers, Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research
Jeffrey L. Furman,
Margaret Kyle (),
Iain Cockburn () and
No 12509, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
While there is widespread agreement among economists and management scholars that knowledge spillovers exist and have important economic consequences, researchers know substantially less about the "micro mechanisms" of spillovers -- about the degree to which they are geographically localized, for example, or about the degree to which spillovers from public institutions are qualitatively different from those from privately owned firms (Jaffe, 1986; Krugman, 1991; Jaffe et al., 1993; Porter, 1990). In this paper we make use of the geographic distribution of the research activities of major global pharmaceutical firms to explore the extent to which knowledge spills over from proximate private and public institutions. Our data and empirical approach allow us to make advances on two dimensions. First, by focusing on spillovers in research productivity (as opposed to manufacturing productivity), we build closely on the theoretical literature on spillovers that suggests that knowledge externalities are likely to have the most immediate impact on the production of ideas (Romer, 1986; Aghion & Howitt, 1997). Second, our data allow us to distinguish spillovers from public research from spillovers from private, or competitively funded research, and to more deeply explore the role that institutions and geographic proximity play in driving knowledge spillovers.
JEL-codes: L23 L65 O3 R3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-knm, nep-tid and nep-ure
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Published as Jeffrey Furman & Margaret K. Kyle & Alain Cockburn & Rebecca M. Henderson, 2005. "Public & Private Spillovers: Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 79-80, pages 165-188.
Published as FURMAN & KYLE & COCKBURN & HENDERSON, 2005. "Public & Private Spillovers, Location and the Productivity of Pharmaceutical Research," Annales d'Économie et de Statistique, .
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