Trade Flows and Fiscal Multipliers
Matteo Cacciatore () and
Nora Traum ()
No 27652, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
We present novel insights on the role of international trade following unanticipated government spending and income tax changes in a flexible exchange rate environment. In a simple two-country, two-good model, we show analytically that fiscal multipliers can be larger in economies more open to trade, even when fiscal expansions imply a trade deficit. Cross-country comovement can be positive or negative. Three factors determine how trade linkages affect fiscal multipliers: the relative import share of public and private goods, how the government finances its budget, and the currency invoicing of exports. A Bayesian prior-predictive analysis shows a quantitative international business-cycle model bears the same predictions. Estimating the model on Canadian and U.S. data, we find support for larger multipliers relative to a counterfactually closed economy and positive cross-country spillovers.
JEL-codes: E2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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