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Remote Work and the Heterogeneous Impact of COVID-19 on Employment and Health

Manuela Angelucci (), Marco Angrisani (), Daniel Bennett (), Arie Kapteyn () and Simone Schaner ()

No 27749, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on employment and respiratory health for remote workers (i.e. those who can work from home) and non-remote workers in the United States. Using a large, nationally-representative, high-frequency panel dataset from March through July of 2020, we show that job losses were up to three times as large for non-remote workers. This gap is larger than the differential job losses for women, African Americans, Hispanics, or workers without college degrees. Non-remote workers also experienced relatively worse respiratory health, which likely occurred because it was more difficult for non-remote workers to protect themselves. Grouping workers by pre-pandemic household income shows that job losses and, to a lesser extent, health losses were highest among non-remote workers from low-income households, exacerbating existing disparities. Finally, we show that lifting non-essential business closures did not substantially increase employment.

JEL-codes: I14 J01 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab
Note: LS PE
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