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Domestic Policies, National Sovereignty and International Economic Institutions

Kyle Bagwell and Robert Staiger ()

No 7293, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: To what extent must nations cede control over their economic and social policies if global efficiency is to be achieved in an interdependent world? This question is at the center of the debate over the future role of GATT (and its successor, the WTO) in the realm of labor and environmental standards. Current GATT rules reflect the primacy of market access concerns in GATT practice, and this orientation is seen increasingly as unfriendly to labor and environmental causes. Fundamental changes to GATT are being considered as a result, changes that would expand the scope of GATT negotiations to include labor and environmental policies, and would lead to a significant loss of sovereignty for national governments. In this paper we establish that there is no need for the WTO to expand the scope of its negotiations in this way. We show instead that the market access focus of current GATT rules is well-equipped to handle the problems associated with choices over labor and environmental standards, and that with relatively modest changes that grant governments more sovereignty, not less, these rules can in principle deliver globally efficient outcomes.

JEL-codes: F02 F13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-pke and nep-pub
Date: 1999-08
Note: ITI
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Published as Bagwell, Kyle and Robert W. Staiger. "Domestic Policies, National Sovereignty, And International Economic Institutions," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2001, v116(2,May), 519-562.

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