To Build or not to Build? Capital Stocks and Climate Policy
Elizabeth Baldwin (),
Yongyang Cai () and
No 204, OxCarre Working Papers from Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford
We investigate how irreversibility in “dirty” and “clean” capital stocks affectsoptimal climate policy, from both theoretical and numerical perspectives. An increasing carbon tax will reduce investments in assets that pollute, and so reduce emissions in the short term: our “irreversibility effect”. As such the “Green Paradox” has a converse if we focus on demand side capital stock effects. We also show that the optimal subsidy increases with the deployment rate: our “acceleration effect”. Considering second-best settings, we show that, although carbon taxes achieve stringent targets more efficiently, infact renewable subsidies deliver higher welfare when policy is more mild.
Keywords: Infrastructure; Clean and Dirty Energy Inputs; Renewable Energy; Stranded Assets; Carbon Budget; Climate Change Policies; Green Paradox (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O44 Q54 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: To Build or Not to Build? Capital Stocks and Climate Policy (2018)
Working Paper: To build or not to build? Capital stocks and climate policy (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:oxf:oxcrwp:204
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