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The Impact of Residential Density on Vehicle Usage and Fuel Consumption: Evidence from National Samples

Jinwon Kim and David Brownstone ()

MPRA Paper from University Library of Munich, Germany

Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of residential density on household vehicle usage and fuel consumption. We estimate a simultaneous equations system to account for the potential residential self-selection problem. While most previous studies focus on a specific region, this paper uses national samples from the 2001 National Household Travel Survey. The estimation results indicate that residential density has a statistically significant but economically modest influence on vehicle usage, which is similar to that in previous studies. However, the joint effect of the contextual density measure (density in the context of its surrounding area) and residential density on vehicle usage is quantitatively larger than the sole effect of residential density. Moving a household from a suburban to an urban area reduces household annual mileage by 18%. We also find that a lower neighborhood residential density induces consumer choices toward less fuel-efficient vehicles, which confirms the finding in Brownstone and Golob (2009).

Keywords: Household vehicle choice; Simultaneous equations systems; Residential density (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 D12 R41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-06-17
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm, nep-ene, nep-tre and nep-ure
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (31) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/47785/1/MPRA_paper_47785.pdf original version (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and fuel consumption: Evidence from national samples (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: The impact of residential density on vehicle usage and fuel consumption (2010) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pra:mprapa:47785

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