EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The returns to schooling unveiled

Hugo Reis (), Paulo Guimaraes (), Pedro Portugal and Ana Rute Cardoso ()

Working Papers from Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department

Abstract: We bring together the strands of literature on the returns to education, its spillovers, and the role of the employer shaping the wage distribution. The aim is to analyze the labor market returns to education taking into account who the worker is (worker unobserved ability), what he does (the job title), with whom (the coworkers) and, also crucially, for whom (the employer). We combine data of remarkable quality exhaustive longitudinal linked employer-employee data on Portugal with innovative empirical methods, to address the homophily or reflection problem, selection issues, and common measurement errors and confounding factors. Our methodology combines the estimation of wage regressions in the spirit of Abowd, Kramarz, and Margolis (1999), Gelbach's (2016) unambiguous conditional decomposition of the impact of various omitted covariates on an estimated coefficient, and Arcidiacono et al.'s (2012) procedure to identify the impact of peer quality. We first uncover that peer effects are quite sizeable. A one standard deviation increase in the measure of peer quality leads to a wage increase of 2.1 log points. Next, we show that education grants access to better-paying firms and job titles: one fourth of the overall return to education operates through the firm channel and a third operates through the job-title channel, while the remainder is associated exclusively with the individual worker. Finally, we unveil that an additional year of average education of coworkers yields a 0.5 log points increase in a worker's wage, after we net out a 2.0 log points return due to homophily (similarity of own and peers' characteristics), and 3.3 log points associated with worker sorting across firms and job titles.

JEL-codes: I20 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ltv
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.bportugal.pt/sites/default/files/anexos/papers/wp201805.pdf

Related works:
Working Paper: The Returns to Schooling Unveiled (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201805

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by DEE-NTD ().

 
Page updated 2019-04-25
Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201805