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Selection and Mode Effects in Risk Preference Elicitation Experiments

Hans-Martin von Gaudecker (), Arthur van Soest () and Erik Wengström ()

No 2008-11, Discussion Paper from Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research

Abstract: We combine data from a risk preference elicitation experiment conducted on a representative sample via the Internet with laboratory data on student subjects for the same experiment in order to investigate effects of implementation mode and of subject pool selection. We find that the frequency of errors in the lab experiment is drastically below that of the representative sample in the Internet experiment, and average risk aversion is lower as well. Considering the student-like subsample of the Internet subjects and comparing a traditional lab design with an Internet-like design in the lab gives us two ways to decompose these differences into differences due to subject pool selection and differences due to implementation mode. Both lead to the conclusion that the differerences are due to selection and not to implementation mode. An analysis of the various steps leading to participation or non-participation in the Internet survey leads to the conclusion that these processes are selective in selecting subjects who make fewer errors, but do not lead to biased conclusions on risk preferences. These findings point at the usefulness of the Internet survey as an alternative to a student pool in the laboratory if the ambition is to use the experiments to draw inference on a broad population.

Keywords: Risk aversion; Internet surveys; Laboratory experiments (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C90 D81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
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Downloads: (external link)
https://pure.uvt.nl/ws/portalfiles/portal/942573/2008-11.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Experts in experiments (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Experts in Experiments: How Selection Matters for Estimated Distributions of Risk Preferences (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Selection and Mode Effects in Risk Preference Elicitation Experiments (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Selection and mode effects in risk preference elicitation experiments (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Selection and Mode Effects in Risk Preference Elicitation Experiments (2008)
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