EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Heterogeneous Worker Ability and Team-Based Production: Evidence from Major League Baseball, 1920-2009

Alex Bryson (), Rafael Gomez () and Kerry Papps ()

CLSSRN working papers from Vancouver School of Economics

Abstract: A detailed longitudinal dataset is assembled containing annual performance and biographical data for every player over the entire history of professional major league baseball. The data are then aggregated to the team level for the period 1920-2009 in order to test whether teams built on a more intermediate distribution of observed talent perform better than those teams with either too high or too low a mixture of highly able and less able players. The key dependent variable used in the regressions is the percentage of games a team wins each season. Our finding is that conditioning on average player ability, dispersion in team pitching and hitting talent prior to the start of a season is related in a non-linear way to subsequent team performance. This suggests that there is an optimum heterogeneity of ability at the team level that maximises joint output. This result is robust to the inclusion of team fixed effects as well as year dummies and after controlling for the potential endogeneity of skill dispersion. These findings have potentially important applications both inside and outside of the sporting world.

Keywords: Baseball; Inequality; Team-based Performance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2011-03-29, Revised 2011-03-29
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-lab and nep-spo
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (9) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.clsrn.econ.ubc.ca/workingpapers/CLSRN%2 ... ez%20and%20Papps.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Heterogeneous worker ability and team-based production: Evidence from major league baseball, 1920-2009 (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Heterogeneous Worker Ability and Team-Based Production: Evidence from Major League Baseball, 1920-2009 (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Heterogeneous Worker Ability and Team-Based Production: Evidence from Major League Baseball, 1920-2009 (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Heterogeneous Worker Ability and Team-based Production: Evidence from Major League Baseball, 1920-2009 (2010) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2011-6

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CLSSRN working papers from Vancouver School of Economics
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Vivian Tran ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).

 
Page updated 2020-09-24
Handle: RePEc:ubc:clssrn:clsrn_admin-2011-6