L’union fait la force? Evidence for wage discrimination in firms with high diversity
Elena Grinza (),
Stephan Kampelmann and
Francois Rycx ()
ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Measuring the economic impact of coworkers from different countries of origin sparked intense scrutiny in labor economics, albeit with an uncomfortable methodological limitation. Most attempts have involved metrics that eliminate most of the socially and economically relevant heterogeneity among different countries of origin, salient dimension of diversity and critical determinant of labor market outcomes of migrants. The typical examples of such metrics are diversity indicators that divide the firm’s workforce into binary categories such as blacks and whites, foreigners and natives, and non-Europeans and Europeans. We propose an entirely novel approach that constructs a firm-level aggregate measure of diversity that explicitly takes into account differences in socio-economic conditions of migrants’ countries of origin. To do so, we use the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Index (HDI), a standard harmonized measure of cross-country variations in levels of socio-economic development that is available for virtually all the countries in the world. By resorting to rich matched employer-employee panel data for Belgium, we use this new aggregate measure of firm-level diversity to estimate firm-level wage equations, which control for a wide range of observable and time-invariant unobservable factors, including variations in labor productivity between firms and within firms over time. The results seem to suggest that the majority of firms do not discriminate against foreigners. However, our findings show that firms with high diversity might broadly discriminate against them. The wage discrimination in high-diversity firms could be alleviated through a stronger presence of collective bargaining and efforts to de-cluster foreigners from low-HDI countries in these firms.
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse and nep-ure
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Published in: The Journal of Economic Inequality (2020)
Downloads: (external link)
https://dipot.ulb.ac.be/dspace/bitstream/2013/301442/3/Grinza.pdf Full text for the whole work, or for a work part (application/pdf)
Working Paper: L'union fait la force? Evidence for Wage Discrimination in Firms with High Diversity (2018)
Working Paper: L’union fait la force? Evidence for wage discrimination in firms with high diversity (2018)
Working Paper: L'Union Fait la Force? Evidence for Wage Discrimination in Firm With High Diversity (2018)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/301442
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://hdl.handle.ne ... lb.ac.be:2013/301442
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in ULB Institutional Repository from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Benoit Pauwels ().