Cognitive Ability and In-group Bias: An Experimental Study
Fabian Paetzel () and
Rupert Sausgruber ()
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Fabian Paetzel: Department of Economics & FOR 2104, Helmut-Schmidt-University
Rupert Sausgruber: Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business
Department of Economics Working Papers from Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics
We study the role of performance differences in a task requiring cognitive effort on in-group bias. We show that the in-group bias is strong in groups consisting of high-performing members, and it is weak in low-performing groups. This holds although high-performing subjects exhibit no in-group bias as members of minimal groups, whereas low-performing subjects strongly do. We also observe instances of low-performing subjects punishing the in-group favoritism of low-performing peers. The same does not occur in high-performing or minimal groups where subjects generally accept that decisions are in-group biased.
Keywords: cognitive ability; group identity; entitlements; social preferences; minimal groups; punishment; social norms; social status (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C92 D31 D63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-cdm, nep-exp and nep-hpe
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