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The EU gender earnings gap: Job segregation and working time as driving factors

Christina Boll (), Anja Rossen and Andre Wolf

No 176, HWWI Research Papers from Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI)

Abstract: This paper estimates size and impact factors of the gender pay gap in Europe. It adds to the literature in three aspects. First, we update existing figures on the gender pay gaps in the EU based on the Structure of Earnings Survey 2010 (SES). Second, we enrich the literature by undertaking comprehensive country comparisons of the gap components based on an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition. Overall, we analyze 21 EU countries plus Norway, which clearly exceeds the scope of existing microdata studies. Third, we examine the sources of the unexplained gap. We find that about one third of the gap can be traced back to the role of the explanatory factors included in our analysis. The sectoral segregation of genders is identified as the most important barrier to gender pay equality in European countries. In addition, the fact that part-time positions are more frequent among women notably contributes to the gap. We conclude that policies aiming at closing the gender pay gap should focus more on the sector level than on the aggregate economy.

Keywords: Gender wage gap; Oaxaca/Blinder decomposition; Europe; Structure of Earnings Survey (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-lab and nep-ltv
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

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https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/146414/1/867972939.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The EU Gender Earnings Gap: Job Segregation and Working Time as Driving Factors (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The EU gender earnings gap: job segregation and working time as driving factors (2016) Downloads
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