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Non‐bank financial institutions regulation and risk‐taking

Isaac Ofoeda, Joshua Abor and Charles Adjasi

Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, 2012, vol. 20, issue 4, 433-450

Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between regulation of non‐bank financial institutions and their risk‐taking behaviours in Ghana. Design/methodology/approach - The analysis is performed using data derived from the Bank of Ghana Database during a five‐year period, 2006‐2010. Correlated Panels Corrected Standard Errors model is used to estimate the regression equation. Capital adequacy requirements and the restrictions on non‐bank financial institutions' (NBFIs') ability to take deposits are used as proxies for regulatory pressure. The study also used the ratio of risks weighted assets‐to‐total assets, the ratio of non‐performing loans‐to‐net loans and the Z‐scores of NBFIs as measures of risk. Findings - The results of the study show a negative relationship between minimum capital adequacy requirement and the risks weighted assets of NBFIs. This indicates that, asking NBFIs to keep higher minimum capital adequacy ratio results in reducing their risk‐taking. The results also indicate a positive relationship between regulatory pressure and risk weighted assets of NBFIs. The paper however found a negative relationship between restrictions on deposits and the risk of insolvency. The findings suggest that, non‐deposit‐taking NBFIs have higher risk weighted assets and are more prone to the risk of insolvency than deposit‐taking NBFIs. Originality/value - The value of this study is in respect of its contribution to the extant literature on financial regulation and risk‐taking of NBFIs.

Keywords: Non‐bank financial institutions; Regulation; Risk‐taking; Risk management; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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DOI: 10.1108/13581981211279372

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Handle: RePEc:eme:jfrcpp:v:20:y:2012:i:4:p:433-450