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Does education raise productivity and wages equally? The moderating role of age and gender

Stephan Kampelmann (), Francois Rycx (), Yves Saks and Ilan Tojerow ()
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Yves Saks: National Bank of Belgium

IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 2018, vol. 7, issue 1, 1-37

Abstract: Abstract We estimate the impact of education on productivity, wage costs and productivity-wage gaps (i.e. profits) using Belgian linked panel data. Findings highlight that educational credentials have a stronger impact on productivity than on wage costs. Firms’ profitability is found to rise when lower educated workers are substituted by higher educated ones. This effect is found to be more pronounced among younger workers and women. Findings thus suggest that the productivity to wage cost ratio of low-educated workers is detrimental to their employability, especially when young or female. They also support the existence of a glass ceiling on women’s career development.

Keywords: Education; Labour costs; Productivity; Gender; Age Linked panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 I21 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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