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Gender differences in job search among young workers: A study using displaced workers in the United States

Astrid Kunze () and Kenneth Troske ()

Southern Economic Journal, 2015, vol. 82, issue 1, 185-207

Abstract: This article investigates gender differences in job search, job tenure, and wages, whether these differences vary over the early part of the life‐cycle, and whether they are associated with fertility decisions. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youths on highly attached displaced workers aged 20 to 45, we find that 20‐ to 29‐year‐old women and women older than 40 experience longer spells of displacement than comparable men, but that time to a new job is similar by gender for those between 30 and 39 years of age. The age pattern in male–female wage differences in the post‐displacement job is similar, with the largest differences occurring at ages 20 to 29 and over 40. We find no gender differences in tenure in the post‐displacement job. We interpret the differences for the younger ages to be related to fertility and we provide evidence that supports this view.

Date: 2015
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Handle: RePEc:wly:soecon:v:82:y:2015:i:1:p:185-207