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Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendanc

Thomas Cornelissen, Christian Dustmann, Anna Raute () and Uta Schönberg

No 7162, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: In this paper, we examine the heterogeneous treatment effects of a universal child care (preschool) program in Germany by exploiting the exogenous variation in attendance caused by a reform that led to a large staggered expansion across municipalities. Drawing on novel administrative data from the full population of compulsory school entry examinations, we find that children with lower (observed and unobserved) gains are more likely to select into child care than children with higher gains. This pattern of reverse selection on gains is driven by unobserved family background characteristics: children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend child care than children from advantaged backgrounds but have larger treatment effects because of their worse outcome when not enrolled in child care.

Keywords: universal child care; child development; marginal treatment effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J15 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-exp
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (45) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Journal Article: Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance (2018) Downloads
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