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Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance

Thomas Cornelissen (), Christian Dustmann, Anna Raute () and Uta Schönberg ()
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Uta Schönberg: University College London, CReAM

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Uta Schoenberg

No 1808, CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London

Abstract: In this paper, we examine the heterogeneous treatment effects of a universal child care (preschool) program in Germany by exploiting the exogenous variation in attendance caused by a reform that led to a large staggered expansion across municipalities. Drawing on novel administrative data from the full population of compulsory school entry examinations, we find that children with lower (observed and unobserved) gains are more likely to select into child care than children with higher gains. This pattern of reverse selection on gains is driven by unobserved family background characteristics: children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend child care than children from advantaged backgrounds but have larger treatment effects because of their worse outcome when not enrolled in child care.

Keywords: Universal child care; child development; marginal treatment effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J15 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-exp and nep-ure
Date: 2018-06
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http://www.cream-migration.org/publ_uploads/CDP_08_18.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendanc (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Benefits from Universal Child Care? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Child Care Attendance (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who benefits from universal child care? Estimating marginal returns to early child care attendance (2018) Downloads
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