Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: Correlation or Causal Relationship?
Stijn Baert (),
Sunčica Vujić (),
Eddy Omey () and
Lieven De Marez ()
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Matteo Claeskens: Ghent University
Thomas Daman: University of Antwerp
Arno Maeckelberghe: Ghent University
Lieven De Marez: Ghent University
No 11455, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
After a decade of correlational research, this study is the first to measure the causal impact of (general) smartphone use on educational performance. To this end, we merge survey data on general smartphone use, exogenous predictors of this use, and other drivers of academic success with the exam scores of first-year students at two Belgian universities. The resulting data are analysed with instrumental variable estimation techniques. A one-standard-deviation increase in daily smartphone use yields a decrease in average exam scores of about one point (out of 20). When relying on ordinary least squares estimations, the magnitude of this effect is substantially underestimated.
Keywords: causality; smartphone use; academic performance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I23 L86 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
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Published - revised version published in: Kyklos [Online Access]
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Journal Article: Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: Correlation or Causal Relationship? (2020)
Working Paper: SMARTPHONE USE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: CORRELATION OR CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP? (2019)
Working Paper: Smartphone Use and Academic Performance: Correlation or Causal Relationship? (2019)
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