Can Public Rankings Improve School Performance? Evidence from a Nationwide Reform in Tanzania
Jacobus Cilliers (),
Isaac M. Mbiti () and
Andrew Zeitlin ()
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Jacobus Cilliers: Georgetown University
Isaac M. Mbiti: University of Virginia
Andrew Zeitlin: Georgetown University
No 12172, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
In 2013, Tanzania introduced "Big Results Now in Education", a low-stakes accountability program that published both nationwide and within-district school rankings. Using data from the universe of school performance from 2011-2016, we identify the impacts of the reform using a difference-in-differences estimator that exploits the differential pressure exerted on schools at the top and bottom of their respective district rankings. We find that BRN improved learning outcomes for schools in the bottom two deciles of their districts. However, the program also led schools to strategically exclude students from the terminal year of primary school.
Keywords: school accountability; school rankings; education policy in developing countries; Tanzania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I25 I28 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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