Gender, Source Country Characteristics and Labor Market Assimilation among Immigrants: 1980-2000
Francine Blau (),
Lawrence Kahn and
Kerry Papps ()
No 3725, IZA Discussion Papers from Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)
We use 1980, 1990 and 2000 Census data to study the impact of source country characteristics on the labor supply assimilation profiles of married adult immigrant women and men. Women migrating from countries where women have high relative labor force participation rates work substantially more than women coming from countries with lower relative female labor supply rates, and this gap is roughly constant with time in the United States. These differences are substantial and hold up even when we control for wage offers and family formation decisions, as well as when we control for the emigration rate from the United States to the source country. Men's labor supply assimilation profiles are unaffected by source country female labor supply, a result that suggests that the female findings reflect notions of gender roles rather than overall work orientation. Findings for another indicator of traditional gender roles, source country fertility rates, are broadly similar, with substantial and persistent negative effects of source country fertility on the labor supply of female immigrants except when we control for presence of children, in which case the negative effects only become evident after ten years in the United States.
Keywords: fertility; labor supply; immigration; assimilation; gender (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D10 J16 J22 J24 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 66 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-mig
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Published in: Review of Economics and Statistics, 2011, 93 (1), 43-58
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Working Paper: Gender, Source Country Characteristics and Labor Market Assimilation Among Immigrants: 1980-2000 (2008)
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