EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The Time for Austerity: Estimating the Average Treatment Effect of Fiscal Policy

Oscar Jorda () and Alan Taylor ()

No 19414, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: After the Global Financial Crisis a controversial rush to fiscal austerity followed in many countries. Yet research on the effects of austerity on macroeconomic aggregates was and still is unsettled, mired by the difficulty of identifying multipliers from observational data. This paper reconciles seemingly disparate estimates of multipliers within a unified and state-contingent framework. We achieve identification of causal effects with new propensity-score based methods for time series data. Using this novel approach, we show that austerity is always a drag on growth, and especially so in depressed economies: a one percent of GDP fiscal consolidation translates into a loss of 4 percent of real GDP over five years when implemented in a slump, rather than just 1 percent in a boom. We illustrate our findings with a counterfactual evaluation of the impact of the UK government’s shift to austerity policies in 2010 on subsequent growth.

JEL-codes: C54 C99 E32 E62 H20 H5 N10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm
Date: 2013-09
Note: DAE EFG IFM
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (41) Track citations by RSS feed

Published as The Time for Austerity: Estimating the Average Treatment Effect of Fiscal Policy† Òscar Jordà1 andAlan M. Taylor2, The Economic Journal Volume 126, Issue 590, pages 219–255, February 2016

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w19414.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The Time for Austerity: Estimating the Average Treatment Effect of Fiscal Policy (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: The time for austerity: Estimating the average treatment effect of fiscal policy (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: The Time for Austerity: Estimating the Average Treatment Effect of Fiscal Policy (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: The Time for Austerity: Estimating the Average Treatment Effect of Fiscal Policy (2013) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19414

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w19414

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-09-19
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19414