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The Effect of Vaccine Mandates on Disease Spread: Evidence from College COVID-19 Mandates

Riley Acton, Wenjia Cao, Emily Cook (), Scott Imberman and Michael Lovenheim

No 30303, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: Since the spring of 2021, nearly 700 colleges and universities in the U.S. have mandated that their students become vaccinated against the COVID-19 virus. We leverage rich data on colleges’ vaccination policies and semester start dates, along with a variety of county-level public health outcomes, to provide the first estimates of the effects of these mandates on the communities surrounding four-year, residential colleges. In event study specifications, we find that, over the first 13 weeks of the fall 2021 semester, college vaccine mandates reduced new COVID-19 cases by 339 per 100,000 county residents and new deaths by 5.4 per 100,000 residents, with an estimated value of lives saved between $9.7 million and $27.4 million per 100,000 residents. These figures suggest that the mandates reduced total US COVID-19 deaths in autumn 2021 by approximately 5%.

JEL-codes: H75 I18 I23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea
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