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Details about Ross Levine

E-mail:
Homepage:http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/ross_levine/
Phone:NULL
Postal address:Ross Levine Willis H. Booth Chair in Banking and Finance Haas School of Business University of California at Berkeley 545 Student Services Building, #1900 (F685) Berkeley, CA 94720-1900
Workplace:Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley, (more information at EDIRC)

Access statistics for papers by Ross Levine.

Last updated 2017-10-12. Update your information in the RePEc Author Service.

Short-id: ple61


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Working Papers

2017

  1. Acquiring Banking Networks
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads
  2. Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads
  3. The Origins of Financial Development: How the African Slave Trade Continues to Influence Modern Finance
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads

2016

  1. Capital market financing, firm growth, and firm size distribution
    ESRB Working Paper Series, European Systemic Risk Board Downloads
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2015) Downloads
    Working Papers, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research (2015) Downloads
  2. Competition and Bank Liquidity Creation
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (2)
  3. Competition and Bank Opacity
    Working Papers, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research Downloads
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2014) Downloads View citations (1)

    See also Journal Article in Review of Financial Studies (2016)
  4. Corporate Resilience to Banking Crises: The Roles of Trust and Trade Credit
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (1)
  5. Does the Geographic Expansion of Banks Reduce Risk?
    CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Downloads View citations (9)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2016)
  6. Geographic Diversification and Banks’ Funding Costs
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads

2015

  1. An Empirical Examination of Patent Hold-up
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads
  2. Cross-border Acquisitions and Labor Regulations
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (1)
  3. Insider Trading and Innovation
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (1)
  4. Spare Tire? Stock Markets, Banking Crises, and Economic Recoveries
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (3)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2016)

2014

  1. Capital Market Financing, Firm Growth, Firm Size Distribution
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (8)
  2. Does the Geographic Expansion of Bank Assets Reduce Risk?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (7)

2013

  1. Bank Regulation and Supervision in 180 Countries from 1999 to 2011
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (71)
    Also in Working Papers, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School, Weiss Center (2013) Downloads
  2. Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (43)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Perspectives (2013)
  3. In brief...'Smart and illicit': the making of a successful entrepreneur
    CentrePiece - The Magazine for Economic Performance, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE Downloads
  4. Liberty for More: Finance and Educational Opportunities
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (2)
  5. Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Do They Earn More?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (6)
    See also Journal Article in The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2017)
  6. Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Does it Pay?
    CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE Downloads View citations (18)

2012

  1. Bank deregulation and racial inequality in America
    Risk and Policy Analysis Unit Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston Downloads
    See also Journal Article in Critical Finance Review (2014)
  2. Benchmarking financial systems around the world
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (38)
  3. How Firms Use Domestic and International Corporate Bond Markets
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (7)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2012) Downloads View citations (9)
  4. The European Origins of Economic Development
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (27)
    Also in MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany (2012) Downloads View citations (23)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Economic Growth (2016)
  5. The Evolving Importance of Banks and Securities Markets
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (13)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2011) Downloads View citations (6)

    See also Journal Article in World Bank Economic Review (2013)
  6. The Valuation Effects of Geographic Diversification; Evidence From U.S. Banks
    IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund Downloads View citations (10)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2011) Downloads
  7. The evolution and impact of bank regulations
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (7)

2011

  1. Financial Innovation and Endogenous Growth
    Economics Working Papers, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science Downloads View citations (14)
    Also in Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University, Department of Economics, Tufts University (2010) Downloads View citations (1)
    CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers (2009) Downloads View citations (10)
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2009) Downloads View citations (8)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Intermediation (2015)
  2. Racial Discrimination and Competition
    CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE Downloads View citations (1)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2008) Downloads View citations (13)

2010

  1. An Autopsy of the U.S. Financial System
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (6)
  2. The governance of financial regulation: reform lessons from the recent crisis
    BIS Working Papers, Bank for International Settlements Downloads View citations (4)
    See also Journal Article in International Review of Finance (2012)

2009

  1. Big Bad Banks? The Winners and Losers From Bank Deregulation in the United States
    Discussion Paper, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research Downloads
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Finance (2010)
  2. Finance and Inequality: Theory and Evidence
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (47)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2009) Downloads View citations (45)

    See also Journal Article in Annual Review of Financial Economics (2009)
  3. Financial institutions and markets across countries and over time - data and analysis
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (133)
  4. Patterns of International Capital Raisings
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (1)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2008) Downloads View citations (5)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of International Economics (2010)

2008

  1. Bank Governance, Regulation, and Risk Taking
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (12)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2009)
  2. Bank Regulations Are Changing: But For Better or Worse?
    Center for Development Economics, Department of Economics, Williams College Downloads View citations (91)
    Also in Department of Economics Working Papers, Department of Economics, Williams College (2008) Downloads View citations (85)
  3. Bank regulations are changing: for better or worse ?
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (86)
  4. Finance and economic opportunity
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (6)
  5. Finance, financial sector policies, and long-run growth
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (19)
    See also Book (2008)
  6. Finance, firm size and growth
    Other publications TiSEM, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management Downloads View citations (140)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2005) Downloads View citations (27)
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2004) Downloads View citations (19)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking (2008)

2007

  1. Big Bad Banks? The Impact of U.S. Branch Deregulation on Income Distribution
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (11)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2007) Downloads View citations (5)
  2. Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations
    IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund Downloads View citations (4)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2006) Downloads View citations (4)

    See also Journal Article in Review of Financial Studies (2008)

2006

  1. Internationalization and the evolution of corporate valuation
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (16)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2005) Downloads View citations (10)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2008)

2005

  1. Bank Concentration and Fragility: Impact and Mechanics
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (10)
  2. Bank Supervision and Corruption in Lending
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (4)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Monetary Economics (2006)
  3. Internationalization and Stock Market Liquidity
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (20)
    See also Journal Article in Review of Finance (2006)
  4. Is There a Diversification Discount in Financial Conglomerates?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (21)
    Also in CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers (2005) Downloads View citations (21)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2007)
  5. Law, Endowments, and Property Rights
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (86)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Economic Perspectives (2005)
  6. Legal institutions and financial development
    Other publications TiSEM, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management Downloads View citations (51)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2003) Downloads View citations (28)
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2003) Downloads View citations (30)
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2004) Downloads View citations (24)
  7. SMEs, Growth, and Poverty
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (17)

2004

  1. Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (178)
    See also Chapter (2005)
  2. Finance, Inequality, and Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (64)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2004) Downloads View citations (47)
  3. Governance and bank valuation
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (12)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2003) Downloads View citations (11)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Intermediation (2007)
  4. Law and Firms' Access to Finance
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (6)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2004) Downloads View citations (10)
  5. The Corporate Governance of Banks - a concise discussion of concepts and evidence
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (37)

2003

  1. Bank Concentration and Crises
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (54)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2003) Downloads View citations (71)
  2. Bank Supervision and Corporate Finance
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (22)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2003) Downloads View citations (16)
  3. Denying Foreign Bank Entry: Implications For Bank Interest Margins
    Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile Downloads View citations (9)
    See also Chapter (2004)
  4. Migration, Spillovers,and Trade Diversion: The Impact of Internationalization on Stock Market Liquidity
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (13)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2003) Downloads View citations (16)
  5. New Data, New Doubts: Revisiting "Aid, Policies, and Growth"
    Working Papers, Center for Global Development Downloads View citations (24)
  6. New Data, New doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar's "Aid, Policies, and Growth" (2000)
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (76)
  7. Regulations, Market Structure, Institutions, and the Cost of Financial Intermediation
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (27)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking (2004)
  8. Small and medium enterprises, growth, and poverty: cross-country evidence
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (5)
  9. The impact of bank regulations, concentration, and institutions on bank margins
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (13)

2002

  1. Bank Regulation and Supervision: What Works Best?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (46)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2001) Downloads View citations (44)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Intermediation (2004)
  2. Bank-Based or Market-Based Financial Systems: Which is Better?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (288)
    Also in William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan (2002) Downloads View citations (286)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Intermediation (2002)
  3. Finance and Growth: New Evidence and Policy Analyses for Chile
    Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile Downloads View citations (6)
    See also Chapter (2002)
  4. Industry Growth and Capital Allocation: Does Having a Market- or Bank-Based System Matter?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (297)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2002)
  5. International Financial Integration and Economic Growth
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (187)
    Also in IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund (2002) Downloads View citations (191)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of International Money and Finance (2002)
  6. It's Not Factor Accumulation: Stylized Facts and Growth Models
    Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile Downloads View citations (21)
    See also Chapter (2002)
  7. Law and Finance: why Does Legal Origin Matter?
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (20)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (2002) Downloads View citations (16)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Comparative Economics (2003)
  8. Law, Endowment, and Finance
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (12)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2003)
  9. Stock Markets, Banks, and Growth: Panel Evidence
    NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc Downloads View citations (32)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Banking & Finance (2004)
  10. Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development
    Working Papers, Center for Global Development Downloads View citations (64)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (2002) Downloads View citations (111)

    See also Journal Article in Journal of Monetary Economics (2003)

2001

  1. Financial Regulation And Performance: Cross-Country Evidence
    Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile Downloads View citations (4)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (1999) Downloads View citations (6)

    See also Chapter (2002)
  2. Law, politics, and finance
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (22)
  3. Stock markets, banks, and growth: correlation or causality?
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (16)
  4. The regulation and supervision of banks around the world - a new database
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (242)

2000

  1. Bank Concentration: Chile and International Comparisons
    Working Papers, Cambridge - Risk, Information & Quantity Signals View citations (8)
    Also in Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile (2000) Downloads View citations (3)
  2. Banking systems around the globe: do regulation and ownership affect the performance and stability?
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (80)
  3. Financial structure and economic development - firm, industry, and country evidence
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (41)
  4. New firm formation and industry growth - does having a market- or bank-based system matter?
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (11)

1999

  1. A new database on financial development and structure
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (273)
  2. Bank-based and market-based financial systems - cross-country comparisons
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (129)
  3. Finance and the sources of growth
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (23)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Financial Economics (2000)
  4. Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes
    Working Papers Central Bank of Chile, Central Bank of Chile Downloads View citations (21)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (1999) Downloads View citations (49)

    See also Chapter (2002)
    Journal Article in Journal of Monetary Economics (2000)

1997

  1. Inflation and financial market performance
    Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Downloads View citations (11)
    Also in Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland (1996) Downloads View citations (16)
  2. Napoleon, Bourses, and Growth in Latin America
    Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department Downloads
  3. Napoleón, bolsas y crecimiento en América Latina
    Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department Downloads

1996

  1. Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions
    Working Papers, Harvard - Institute for International Development View citations (27)
    See also Journal Article in The Quarterly Journal of Economics (1997)
  2. Capital control liberalization and stock market development
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (9)
    Also in CERF Discussion Paper Series, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University

    See also Journal Article in World Development (1998)
  3. Financial development and economic growth: views and agenda
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (21)
    See also Journal Article in Journal of Economic Literature (1997)
  4. Stock market development and long-run growth
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (169)
    See also Journal Article in World Bank Economic Review (1996)
  5. Stock markets, banks, and economic growth
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (25)
    Also in CERF Discussion Paper Series, Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University View citations (12)

    See also Journal Article in American Economic Review (1998)

1995

  1. Africa's growth tragedy: a retrospective, 1960-89
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (2)
  2. Stock market development and financial intermediaries: stylized facts
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (31)
    See also Journal Article in World Bank Economic Review (1996)

1994

  1. Capital fundamentalism, economic development, and economic growth
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (83)
    See also Journal Article in Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy (1994)
  2. Policy, Technology Adoption and Growth
    CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Downloads View citations (23)
    Also in NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc (1994) Downloads View citations (17)
  3. The financial system and public enterprise reform: concepts and cases
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (22)

1993

  1. Finance and growth: Schumpeter might be right
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (2032)
    See also Journal Article in The Quarterly Journal of Economics (1993)
  2. Looking at the facts: what we know about policy and growth from cross-country analysis
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (24)
  3. Stock market development and financial intermediary growth: a research agenda
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (8)

1992

  1. Financial indicators and growth in a cross section of countries
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (24)
  2. Financial structures and economic development
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (34)
    Also in International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) (1990) Downloads View citations (26)
  3. How Do National Policies Affect Long-Run Growth? A Research Agenda
    World Bank - Discussion Papers, World Bank View citations (3)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (1991) Downloads View citations (7)
  4. Old debts and new beginnings: a policy choice in transitional socialist economies
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (3)
    See also Journal Article in World Development (1993)
  5. Reforming finance in transitional socialist economies: avoiding the path from shell money to shell games
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (1)

1991

  1. A sensitivity analysis of cross-country growth regressions
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (191)
    See also Journal Article in American Economic Review (1992)
  2. Cross-country studies of growth and policy: methodological, conceptual, and statistical problems
    Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank Downloads View citations (24)

1990

  1. Stock markets, growth, and policy
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads View citations (3)
    Also in Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank (1990) Downloads View citations (5)

1989

  1. A note on "transfers"
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads
  2. External debt and developing country growth
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads View citations (2)

1988

  1. The capital flight "problem."
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads View citations (3)
  2. The forward exchange rate bias: a new explanation
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads View citations (1)

1987

  1. The pricing of forward exchange rates
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads
    See also Journal Article in Journal of International Money and Finance (1989)

1986

  1. An international arbitrage pricing model with PPP deviations
    International Finance Discussion Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) Downloads View citations (1)
    See also Journal Article in Economic Inquiry (1989)

Journal Articles

2017

  1. Smart and Illicit: Who Becomes an Entrepreneur and Do They Earn More?
    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2017, 132, (2), 963-1018 Downloads View citations (2)
    See also Working Paper (2013)

2016

  1. Competition and Bank Opacity
    Review of Financial Studies, 2016, 29, (7), 1911-1942 Downloads View citations (2)
    See also Working Paper (2016)
  2. Does the geographic expansion of banks reduce risk?
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2016, 120, (2), 346-362 Downloads View citations (11)
    See also Working Paper (2016)
  3. Spare tire? Stock markets, banking crises, and economic recoveries
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2016, 120, (1), 81-101 Downloads View citations (6)
    See also Working Paper (2015)
  4. The European origins of economic development
    Journal of Economic Growth, 2016, 21, (3), 225-257 Downloads View citations (11)
    See also Working Paper (2012)

2015

  1. Financial innovation and endogenous growth
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 2015, 24, (1), 1-24 Downloads View citations (24)
    See also Working Paper (2011)
  2. How firms use corporate bond markets under financial globalization
    Journal of Banking & Finance, 2015, 58, (C), 532-551 Downloads View citations (5)

2014

  1. Bank Deregulation and Racial Inequality in America
    Critical Finance Review, 2014, 3, (1), 1-48 Downloads View citations (7)
    See also Working Paper (2012)

2013

  1. Financial Development in 205 Economies, 1960 to 2010
    Journal of Financial Perspectives, 2013, 1, (2), 17-36 View citations (40)
    See also Working Paper (2013)
  2. Identifying the Valuation Effects and Agency Costs of Corporate Diversification: Evidence from the Geographic Diversification of U.S. Banks
    Review of Financial Studies, 2013, 26, (7), 1787-1823 Downloads View citations (35)
  3. The Evolving Importance of Banks and Securities Markets
    World Bank Economic Review, 2013, 27, (3), 476-490 Downloads View citations (19)
    See also Working Paper (2012)

2012

  1. The Governance of Financial Regulation: Reform Lessons from the Recent Crisis
    International Review of Finance, 2012, 12, (1), 39-56 Downloads View citations (14)
    See also Working Paper (2010)

2011

  1. Regulating finance and regulators to promote growth
    Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, 2011, 271-311 Downloads

2010

  1. Big Bad Banks? The Winners and Losers from Bank Deregulation in the United States
    Journal of Finance, 2010, 65, (5), 1637-1667 Downloads View citations (62)
    See also Working Paper (2009)
  2. Financial Institutions and Markets across Countries and over Time: The Updated Financial Development and Structure Database
    World Bank Economic Review, 2010, 24, (1), 77-92 Downloads View citations (101)
  3. Patterns of international capital raisings
    Journal of International Economics, 2010, 80, (1), 45-57 Downloads View citations (25)
    See also Working Paper (2009)

2009

  1. Bank governance, regulation and risk taking
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2009, 93, (2), 259-275 Downloads View citations (496)
    See also Working Paper (2008)
  2. Finance and Inequality: Theory and Evidence
    Annual Review of Financial Economics, 2009, 1, (1), 287-318 Downloads View citations (45)
    See also Working Paper (2009)

2008

  1. Bank Regulations are Changing: For Better or Worse&quest
    Comparative Economic Studies, 2008, 50, (4), 537-563 Downloads View citations (82)
  2. Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations
    Review of Financial Studies, 2008, 21, (2), 579-604 Downloads View citations (83)
    See also Working Paper (2007)
  3. FINANCE AND THE POOR
    Manchester School, 2008, 76, (s1), 1-13 Downloads View citations (6)
  4. Finance et opportunité économique
    Revue d’économie du développement, 2008, 16, (4), 5-29 Downloads
  5. Finance, Firm Size, and Growth
    Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 2008, 40, (7), 1379-1405 Downloads View citations (159)
    See also Working Paper (2008)
  6. Internationalization and the evolution of corporate valuation
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2008, 88, (3), 607-632 Downloads View citations (63)
    See also Working Paper (2006)
  7. Special issue: Banking and bank regulation: Challenges for the future
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 2008, 17, (4), 509-510 Downloads

2007

  1. Finance, inequality and the poor
    Journal of Economic Growth, 2007, 12, (1), 27-49 Downloads View citations (156)
  2. Governance and bank valuation
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 2007, 16, (4), 584-617 Downloads View citations (129)
    See also Working Paper (2004)
  3. Is there a diversification discount in financial conglomerates?
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2007, 85, (2), 331-367 Downloads View citations (220)
    See also Working Paper (2005)
  4. Migration, spillovers, and trade diversion: The impact of internationalization on domestic stock market activity
    Journal of Banking & Finance, 2007, 31, (6), 1595-1612 Downloads View citations (16)

2006

  1. Bank concentration, competition, and crises: First results
    Journal of Banking & Finance, 2006, 30, (5), 1581-1603 Downloads View citations (296)
  2. Bank supervision and corruption in lending
    Journal of Monetary Economics, 2006, 53, (8), 2131-2163 Downloads View citations (126)
    See also Working Paper (2005)
  3. Internationalization and Stock Market Liquidity
    Review of Finance, 2006, 10, (1), 153-187 Downloads View citations (46)
    See also Working Paper (2005)

2005

  1. Law, Endowments and Property Rights
    Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2005, 19, (3), 61-88 Downloads View citations (86)
    See also Working Paper (2005)
  2. SMEs, Growth, and Poverty: Cross-Country Evidence
    Journal of Economic Growth, 2005, 10, (3), 199-229 Downloads View citations (65)

2004

  1. Aid, Policies, and Growth: Comment
    American Economic Review, 2004, 94, (3), 774-780 Downloads View citations (138)
  2. Bank regulation and supervision: what works best?
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 2004, 13, (2), 205-248 Downloads View citations (492)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  3. Introduction: Bank concentration and competition: an evolution in the making
    Proceedings, 2004, 433-451 View citations (93)
  4. Regulations, Market Structure, Institutions, and the Cost of Financial Intermediation
    Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 2004, 36, (3), 593-622 View citations (155)
    Also in Proceedings, 2004, 593-626 (2004) View citations (162)

    See also Working Paper (2003)
  5. Stock markets, banks, and growth: Panel evidence
    Journal of Banking & Finance, 2004, 28, (3), 423-442 Downloads View citations (327)
    See also Working Paper (2002)

2003

  1. Law and finance: why does legal origin matter?
    Journal of Comparative Economics, 2003, 31, (4), 653-675 Downloads View citations (298)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  2. Law, endowments, and finance
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2003, 70, (2), 137-181 Downloads View citations (212)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  3. More on finance and growth: more finance, more growth?
    Review, 2003, (Jul), 31-46 Downloads View citations (76)
  4. Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development
    Journal of Monetary Economics, 2003, 50, (1), 3-39 Downloads View citations (435)
    See also Working Paper (2002)

2002

  1. Bank-Based or Market-Based Financial Systems: Which Is Better?
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 2002, 11, (4), 398-428 Downloads View citations (321)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  2. Industry growth and capital allocation:*1: does having a market- or bank-based system matter?
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2002, 64, (2), 147-180 Downloads View citations (237)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  3. International financial integration and economic growth
    Journal of International Money and Finance, 2002, 21, (6), 749-776 Downloads View citations (201)
    See also Working Paper (2002)

2001

  1. How Much Bang for the Buck? Mexico and Dollarization
    Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 2001, 33, (2), 339-63 View citations (6)
    Also in Proceedings, 2001, 339-369 (2001) View citations (7)
  2. International Financial Liberalization and Economic Growth
    Review of International Economics, 2001, 9, (4), 688-702 Downloads View citations (136)
  3. Legal Theories of Financial Development
    Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 2001, 17, (4), 483-501 View citations (31)
  4. The impact of inflation on financial sector performance
    Journal of Monetary Economics, 2001, 47, (2), 221-248 Downloads View citations (264)

2000

  1. A New Database on the Structure and Development of the Financial Sector
    World Bank Economic Review, 2000, 14, (3), 597-605 Downloads View citations (122)
  2. Are bank-based or market-based financial systems better?
    Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), 2000, 3, (1), 25-55 Downloads View citations (3)
  3. Finance and the sources of growth
    Journal of Financial Economics, 2000, 58, (1-2), 261-300 Downloads View citations (998)
    See also Working Paper (1999)
  4. Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes
    Journal of Monetary Economics, 2000, 46, (1), 31-77 Downloads View citations (1329)
    See also Chapter (2002)
    Working Paper (1999)

1999

  1. Financial development and growth: where do we stand?
    Estudios de Economia, 1999, 26, (2 Year 1999), 113-136 Downloads View citations (11)
  2. Law, Finance, and Economic Growth
    Journal of Financial Intermediation, 1999, 8, (1-2), 8-35 Downloads View citations (259)

1998

  1. Capital Control Liberalization and Stock Market Development
    World Development, 1998, 26, (7), 1169-1183 Downloads View citations (129)
    See also Working Paper (1996)
  2. Robert J. Barro, Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study
    Journal of Comparative Economics, 1998, 26, (4), 822-824 Downloads View citations (4)
  3. Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth
    American Economic Review, 1998, 88, (3), 537-58 Downloads View citations (882)
    See also Working Paper (1996)
  4. The Legal Environment, Banks, and Long-Run Economic Growth
    Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 1998, 30, (3), 596-613 View citations (187)
    Also in Proceedings, 1998, (Aug), 596-620 (1998) View citations (275)
  5. Troubles with the Neighbours: Africa's Problem, Africa's Opportunity
    Journal of African Economies, 1998, 7, (1), 120-42 View citations (50)

1997

  1. Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions
    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1997, 112, (4), 1203-1250 Downloads View citations (1578)
    See also Working Paper (1996)
  2. Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda
    Journal of Economic Literature, 1997, 35, (2), 688-726 Downloads View citations (1704)
    See also Working Paper (1996)

1996

  1. Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts
    World Bank Economic Review, 1996, 10, (2), 291-321 View citations (169)
    See also Working Paper (1995)
  2. Stock Market Development and Long-Run Growth
    World Bank Economic Review, 1996, 10, (2), 323-39 View citations (152)
    See also Working Paper (1996)
  3. Stock Markets, Corporate Finance, and Economic Growth: An Overview
    World Bank Economic Review, 1996, 10, (2), 223-39 View citations (88)

1994

  1. Capital fundamentalism, economic development, and economic growth
    Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 1994, 40, (1), 259-292 Downloads View citations (88)
    See also Working Paper (1994)
  2. Finance and development: Issues and experience: Alberto Giovannini, ed (Cambridge university press, New York, 1993) pp. ix+436, $49.50
    Journal of International Economics, 1994, 37, (3-4), 273-277 Downloads View citations (1)
  3. Reforming Finance in Transitional Socialist Economies
    World Bank Research Observer, 1994, 9, (1), 1-24 View citations (11)

1993

  1. Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right
    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1993, 108, (3), 717-737 Downloads View citations (2096)
    See also Working Paper (1993)
  2. Finance, entrepreneurship and growth: Theory and evidence
    Journal of Monetary Economics, 1993, 32, (3), 513-542 Downloads View citations (901)
  3. Old debts and new beginnings: A policy choice in transitional socialist economies
    World Development, 1993, 21, (3), 319-330 Downloads View citations (1)
    See also Working Paper (1992)
  4. Quality ladders, growth, and R&D: an assessment from U.S. industry: A comment
    Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 1993, 38, (1), 275-278 Downloads
  5. What We Have Learned about Policy and Growth from Cross-Country Regressions?
    American Economic Review, 1993, 83, (2), 426-30 Downloads View citations (77)

1992

  1. A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions
    American Economic Review, 1992, 82, (4), 942-63 Downloads View citations (1252)
    See also Working Paper (1991)
  2. Financial intermediary services and growth
    Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 1992, 6, (4), 383-405 Downloads View citations (26)

1991

  1. An empirical inquiry into the nature of the forward exchange rate bias
    Journal of International Economics, 1991, 30, (3-4), 359-369 Downloads View citations (6)
  2. Stock Markets, Growth, and Tax Policy
    Journal of Finance, 1991, 46, (4), 1445-65 Downloads View citations (227)

1989

  1. An International Arbitrage Pricing Model with PPP Deviations
    Economic Inquiry, 1989, 27, (4), 587-99 View citations (5)
    See also Working Paper (1986)
  2. The pricing of forward exchange rates
    Journal of International Money and Finance, 1989, 8, (2), 163-179 Downloads View citations (14)
    See also Working Paper (1987)
  3. The ‘Problem’ of Capital Flight—a Cautionary Note
    The World Economy, 1989, 12, (2), 237-252 Downloads

Books

2012

  1. Guardians of Finance: Making Regulators Work for Us, vol 1
    MIT Press Books, The MIT Press View citations (33)

2008

  1. Finance, Financial Sector Policies, and Long-Run Growth
    World Bank Publications, The World Bank Downloads View citations (1)
    See also Working Paper (2008)
  2. Rethinking Bank Regulation
    Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press View citations (11)
    Also in Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press (2006) View citations (268)

Edited books

2004

  1. Financial Structure and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Comparison of Banks, Markets, and Development, vol 1
    MIT Press Books, The MIT Press View citations (16)

Chapters

2015

  1. Misdiagnosis: Incomplete Cures of Financial Regulatory Failures
    Chapter 15 in The First Great Financial Crisis of the 21st Century A Retrospective, 2015, pp 399-431 Downloads

2013

  1. Bank Regulatory Reforms and Racial Wage Discrimination
    Chapter 7 in The Social Value of the Financial Sector Too Big to Fail or Just Too Big?, 2013, pp 91-107 Downloads
  2. In Defense of Wall Street: The Social Productivity of the Financial System
    Chapter 13 in The Role of Central Banks in Financial Stability How Has It Changed?, 2013, pp 257-279 Downloads

2005

  1. Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence
    Chapter 12 in Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, vol. 1, Part A, pp 865-934 Downloads View citations (555)
    See also Working Paper (2004)

2004

  1. Denying Foreign Bank Entry: Implications for Bank Interest Margins
    Chapter 9 in Banking Market Structure and Monetary Policy, 2004, vol. 7, pp 271-292 Downloads View citations (3)
    See also Working Paper (2003)

2002

  1. Finance and Growth: New Evidence and Policy Analyses for Chile
    Chapter 11 in Economic Growth: Sources, Trends, and Cycles, 2002, vol. 6, pp 343-376 Downloads View citations (5)
    See also Working Paper (2002)
  2. Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes
    Chapter 2 in Banking, Financial Integration, and International Crises, 2002, vol. 3, pp 031-084 Downloads View citations (2)
    See also Working Paper (1999)
    Journal Article in Journal of Monetary Economics (2000)
  3. Financial Regulation and Performance: Cross-COuntry Evidence
    Chapter 4 in Banking, Financial Integration, and International Crises, 2002, vol. 3, pp 113-142 Downloads View citations (3)
    See also Working Paper (2001)
  4. It´s Not Factor Accumulation: Stylized Facts and Growth Models
    Chapter 3 in Economic Growth: Sources, Trends, and Cycles, 2002, vol. 6, pp 061-114 Downloads View citations (8)
    See also Working Paper (2002)

2001

  1. Banking Systems around the Globe: Do Regulation and Ownership Affect Performance and Stability?
    A chapter in Prudential Supervision: What Works and What Doesn't, 2001, pp 31-96 Downloads View citations (93)
 
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