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Inflation expectations and their role in Eurosystem forecasting

Ursel Baumann, Matthieu Darracq Paries, Thomas Westermann, Marianna Riggi (), Elena Bobeica (), Aidan Meyler, Benjamin Böninghausen, Friedrich Fritzer, Riccardo Trezzi (), Jana Jonckheere, Dmitry Kulikov, Dilyana Popova, Sulev Pert, Nektarios Michail, Maritta Paloviita, František Brázdik, Harri Pönkä, Mikkel Bess, Lauri Vilmi, Casper Jørgensen, Pierre-Antoine Robert, Alexander Al-Haschimi, Philipp Gmehling, Marta Banbura (), Matthias Hartmann (), Evangelos Charalampakis, Jan-Oliver Menz, Benny Hartwig, Fabian Schupp, John Hutchinson, Christian Speck, Joan Paredes, Ute Volz, Lovisa Reiche, Zacharias Bragoudakis, Marcel Tirpák, Evangelia Kasimati, Veronika Tengely, Tomasz Łyziak, Alex Tagliabracci, Ewa Stanisławska, Andrejs Bessonovs, Nikolay Iskrev, Olegs Krasnopjorovs (), Miroslav Gavura, Tomas Reichenbachas, Milan Damjanović, Roberta Colavecchio, Matjaz Maletic, Gabriele Galati, Ide Kearney, Pär Stockhammar and Danilo Leiva-Leon
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Evangelos Charalambakis

No 264, Occasional Paper Series from European Central Bank

Abstract: This paper summarises the findings of the Eurosystem’s Expert Group on Inflation Expectations (EGIE), which was one of the 13 work streams conducting analysis that fed into the ECB’s monetary policy strategy review. The EGIE was tasked with (i) reviewing the nature and behaviour of inflation expectations, with a focus on the degree of anchoring, and (ii) exploring the role that measures of expectations can play in forecasting inflation. While it is households’ and firms’ inflation expectations that ultimately matter in the expectations channel, data limitations have meant that in practice the focus of analysis has been on surveys of professional forecasters and on market-based indicators. Regarding the anchoring of inflation expectations, this paper considers a number of metrics: the level of inflation expectations, the responsiveness of longer-term inflation expectations to shorter-term developments, and the degree of uncertainty. Different metrics can provide conflicting signals about the scale and timing of potential unanchoring, which underscores the importance of considering all of them. Overall, however, these metrics suggest that in the period since the global financial and European debt crises, longer-term inflation expectations in the euro area have become less well anchored. Regarding the role measures of inflation expectations can play in forecasting inflation, this paper finds that they are indicative for future inflationary developments. When it comes to their predictive power, both market-based and survey-based measures are found to be more accurate than statistical benchmarks, but do not systematically outperform each other. Beyond their role as standalone forecasts, inflation expectations bring forecast gains when included in forecasting models and can also inform scenario and risk analysis in projection exercises performed using structural models. ... JEL Classification: D84, E31, E37, E52

Keywords: anchoring; forecasting; Inflation expectations; macroeconomics; monetary policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-for, nep-isf, nep-mac and nep-mon
Note: 345263
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