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Mass Reproducibility and Replicability: A New Hope

Abel Brodeur, Derek Mikola, Nikolai Cook, Thomas Brailey, Ryan Briggs, Alexandra de Gendre, Yannick Dupraz, Lenka Fiala, Jacopo Gabani, Romain Gauriot, Joanne Haddad, Ryan McWay, Joel Levin, Magnus Johannesson, Lennard Metson, Jonas Minet Kinge, Wenjie Tian, Timo Wochner, Sumit Mishra, Joseph Richardson, Giulian Etingin-Frati, Alexi Gugushvili, Jakub Procházka, Myra Mohnen, Jakob Möller, Rosalie Montambeault, Sébastien Montpetit, Jason Collins, Sigmund Ellingsrud, Alexander Kustov, Louis-Philippe Morin, Todd Morris, Erlend Fleisje, Elaheh Fatemi-Pour, Scott Moser, Matt Woerman, Tim Ölkers, Edward Miguel, Fabio Motoki, Anders Kjelsrud, Lucija Muehlenbachs, Andreea Musulan, Christian Czymara, Hooman Habibnia, Alexander Coppock, Idil Tanrisever, Marco Musumeci, Nicholas Rivers, Miquel Oliver i Vert, Emre Oral, Alejandro Abarca, Christian Oswald, Ali Ousman, Marcin Wroński, Sonja Häffner, Ömer Özak, Filip-Mihai Toma, Myriam Brown, Diego Marino Fages, Shubham Pandey, Joseph Taoyi Wang, Andrea Erhart, Alexandre Pavlov, Bruno Rodrigues, William Roelofs, Jonathan Hall, Tobias Roemer, Ole Rogeberg, Julian Rose, Nadjim Fréchet, Maddalena Totarelli, Andrew Roskos-Ewoldsen, Shiang-Hung Hu, Alexandre Fortier-Chouinard, Paul Rosmer, Thomas Galipeau, Patrick Nüß, Ahwaz Akhtar, Andreas Kotsadam, Barbara Sabada, Goncalo Lima, Martín Brun, Soodeh Saberian, Van-Anh Tran, Nicolas Salamanca, Georg Sator, Andaleeb Rahman, Olle Hammar (), Daniel Scates, Myra Yazbeck, Ben Couillard, Elmar Schlüter, Cameron Sells, Stephan Bruns, Sharmi Sen, Jori Korpershoek, Karim Nchare, Ritika Sethi, Kangyu Qiu, Eduardo Alberto Ramirez Lizardi, Alexa Federice, Yu-Shiuan Huang, Anna Shcherbiak, Moyosore Sogaolu, Matt Soosalu, Nino Buliskeria, Jonathan Créchet, Gustav Chung Yang, Erik Ø. Sørensen, Amund Hanson Kordt, Marie Connolly, Manali Sovani, Noah Spencer, Stefan Staubli, Lewis Krashinsky, Mathias Huebener, Renske Stans, Linh Phan, Anya Stewart, Felix Stips, Guidon Fenig, Jan Feld, Lorenzo Crippa, Luther Yap, Sabina Albrecht, Romeo Penheiro, Kieran Stockley, Stephenson Strobel, Ethan Struby, Andrea Calef, Christoph Huber, Endre Borbáth, John Tang, Hung Truong, Nikita Tsoy, Mojtaba Firouzjaeiangalougah, Kerem Tuzcuoglu, Diego Ubfal, Zubaria Andlib, Haley Daarstad, Laura Villalobos, Raphaël Jananji, Michael Jetter, Ali Elminejad, Nurlan Lalayev, Jill Caviglia-Harris, Julian Walterskirchen, Kareman Yassin, Thomas Ash, Hao Ye, Jin Young Yoon, Chris Yurris, Tahreen Zahra, Dan Liu, Alistair Cameron, Mirela Zaneva, Florian Neubauer, Peng Li, Julia Francesca Engel, Kim Huynh, RyuGyung Park, Aline Zayat, Jamie Duncan, Jonathan Zhang, Barry Hashimoto, Ziwei Zhao, Pamela Campa, Zhong Yaolang, Etienne Bacher, Jared Wong, Sebastian Bachler, Félix Bacon, Danh Chi Dao, Zuzana Irsova, Manuel Bagues, Jonathan S. Hartley, Timea Balogh, Eva Pérez Martel, Suranjana Kundu, Alisher Batmanov, Tilman Fries, Jill Laufer, Quan M. P. Nguyen, Mara Barschkett, B. Kaan Basdil, Jaromir Baxa, Carina I. Hausladen, Sascha Becker, Ozan Isler, Dong Dao, Hugo Cordeau, Monica Beeder, Louis-Philippe Beland, Abdel Hamid Bello, Tereza Petrovičová, Tuan Nguyen, Daniel Benenson Markovits, Wei-Chien Weng, Grant Benjamin, Thomas Bergeron, Blake Lee-Whiting, Reid Fortier, Santiago Campos-Rodríguez, Niklas Jakobsson, Moussa P. Blimpo, Vasudha Wattal, Marco Binetti, Carl Bonander, Tomas Havranek, Viet Nguyen-Tien, Joseph Bonneau, Marco David Schmandt, Giulio Giacomo Cantone, Gabriel Lenz, Fenella Carpena, Perry Carter, Jörg Ankel-Peters, Paul Castañeda Dower, Carson H. Rea, Angela Odermatt, Thomas Tao Yang, Alexa Prettyman, Armando Holzknecht, Ondrej Castek, Astrid de Linde, Sebastian Gallegos, Lucas De Melo, Lachlan Deer, Micole De Vera, Velichka Dimitrova, Lamis Kattan, Jan Fabian Dollbaum, Ipek Tastan, Tongzhe Li, Fabian Mierisch, Lars Vilhuber, Matthew D. Webb, Jan Matti Dollbaum, Gustav Kjellsson, Michael Donnelly, Luu Duc Toan Huynh, Harry He, Tsvetomira Dumbalska, Areez Gangji, Jeanne Cui, Xiaoying Gao, Cloé Garnache, Attila Gáspár, Ali Niazi, Tharaka A. Jayalath, Evelina Gavrilova, Bryan Weber, Mahesh Acharya, Arijit Ghosh, Yuchen Lin, Aqila Putri, Dejan Tatić, Garreth Gibney, Grant Gibson, Anna Dreber, Geir Godager, Giorgi Nikolaishvili, Leonard Goff, Kimberly White, Audrée Langlois, Da Gong, Javier González, Reinhard Weisser, Benjamin Tatlow, Jeremy Gretton, Cristina Griffa, Idaliya Grigoryeva, Julian Quandt, Ariel Listo, Matthew Hepplewhite, Ardyn Nordstrom, Maja Grøtting, Eric Guntermann, Gabriella Chauca Strand, Jiaqi Guo, Taylor Wright, Douglas Campbell, Loan Quynh Thi Nguyen, Jenny John, Mario Herrera-Rodriguez, Felix Heuer, Kiet Tuan Duong, Anthony Heyes, Christian Westheide, Ritchie Woodard, Nicolai Topstad Borgen, Anson Ho (), Munirul Nabin, Jonathan Holmes, Xuewen Lu, Rachel Forshaw, Felipe Juan, Valon Kadriu, Sunny Karim, Edmund Kelly, Adam Reiremo, Solveig Topstad Borgen, Duy Khanh Hoang Dang, Yasmine Eissa, Féraud Tchuisseu Seuyong, Shi Chen, Martino Pelli, Tazia Khushboo, Pu Sun, Jin Kim, Elvina Lukmanova, Alex Luscombe, Jonathan Borowsky, Lester Lusher, Ke Lyu, Hai Ma, Synøve Nygaard Andersen, Matt Olson, Nicolas Mäder, Asya Chzhen, Sossou Simplice Adjisse, Falak Arrora, Clifton Makate, Michael Frith, Alice Malmberg, Thibaut Duprey, Adit Maitra, Fernando Hoces de la Guardia, Rémi Thériault, Marco Mandas, Henning Øien, Jan Marcus, Shushanik Margaryan, Jong Chung, Elisa Brini, Lili Márk, Andres Martignano, Jacob Winter, Laëtitia Renée, Abigail Marsh, Vincent Thivierge, Isabella Masetto, Anthony McCanny, Yu-Hsiang Dexter Hsu, Christoph Dworschak, Andreas Leibing and Emma McManus

No 107, I4R Discussion Paper Series from The Institute for Replication (I4R)

Abstract: This study pushes our understanding of research reliability by reproducing and replicating claims from 110 papers in leading economic and political science journals. The analysis involves computational reproducibility checks and robustness assessments. It reveals several patterns. First, we uncover a high rate of fully computationally reproducible results (over 85%). Second, excluding minor issues like missing packages or broken pathways, we uncover coding errors for about 25% of studies, with some studies containing multiple errors. Third, we test the robustness of the results to 5,511 re-analyses. We find a robustness reproducibility of about 70%. Robustness reproducibility rates are relatively higher for re-analyses that introduce new data and lower for re-analyses that change the sample or the definition of the dependent variable. Fourth, 52% of re-analysis effect size estimates are smaller than the original published estimates and the average statistical significance of a re-analysis is 77% of the original. Lastly, we rely on six teams of researchers working independently to answer eight additional research questions on the determinants of robustness reproducibility. Most teams find a negative relationship between replicators' experience and reproducibility, while finding no relationship between reproducibility and the provision of intermediate or even raw data combined with the necessary cleaning codes.

Keywords: Reproduction; Replication; Research Transparency; Open Science; Economics; Political Science (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: B41 C10 C81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2024
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm, nep-eur and nep-sog
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Working Paper: Mass Reproducibility and Replicability: A New Hope (2024) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zbw:i4rdps:107

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